First introduced into New Zealand in 1875, the Sambar is the third largest of the deer species imported into New Zealand. A mature stag is smaller than a moose or wapiti but larger than a Red Deer stag. Sambar antlers are unique for their heavy weight and thick timber in relation to length.
The nocturnal feeding and movement of Sambar make daylight observation under normal conditions rare. During daylight they seldom venture from cover, preferring to
Sambar habitat favors short-range snap shooting. Because the animals are large, a rifle of relatively high-striking energy should be used. A minimum of .30 caliber is recommended for Sambar stags. In some areas, shotguns using solid lead slugs are popular and have proven effective.